An important clarification regarding the Paycheck Protection Program

By Bill Claffey, Esq., Partner, Tax & Advisory Services
May 13, 2020

Many businesses receiving PPP loans have been in the dark recently regarding the SBA’s guidance (or lack thereof) on certain good faith certifications that were provided by applicants of the PPP loan, and the additional provision that was added relating to “access to other sources of liquidity” in question 31 of the SBA’s Frequently Asked Questions regarding the PPP. 
Question 46 in the updated FAQ document was published by the SBA within the hour (as of sending on 5/13/20). In short, it gives borrowers with a PPP loan of less than $2m a safe harbor regarding meeting the certification (“that uncertainty in the economic climate made the loan necessary to maintain operations and retain employees”). This has been a very frustrating provision for most borrowers.
Borrowers with more than a $2m PPP loan, do not get the ‘safe harbor,’ but can still meet the certification based on facts and circumstances. Importantly, it establishes that the SBA will not seek Administrative Enforcement if it determines the certification was not met. 

Question: How will SBA review borrowers’ required good-faith certification concerning the necessity of their loan request?

 Answer: When submitting a PPP application, all borrowers must certify in good faith that “[c]urrent economic uncertainty makes this loan request necessary to support the ongoing operations of the Applicant.” SBA, in consultation with the Department of the Treasury, has determined that the following safe harbor will apply to SBA’s review of PPP loans with respect to this issue: Any borrower that, together with its affiliates, received PPP loans with an original principal amount of less than $2 million will be deemed to have made the required certification concerning the necessity of the loan request in good faith.
SBA has determined that this safe harbor is appropriate because borrowers with loans below this threshold are generally less likely to have had access to adequate sources of liquidity in the current economic environment than borrowers that obtained larger loans. This safe harbor will also promote economic certainty as PPP borrowers with more limited resources endeavor to retain and rehire employees. In addition, given the large volume of PPP loans, this approach will enable SBA to conserve its finite audit resources and focus its reviews on larger loans, where the compliance effort may yield higher returns.
Importantly, borrowers with loans greater than $2 million that do not satisfy this safe harbor may still have an adequate basis for making the required good-faith certification, based on their individual circumstances in light of the language of the certification and SBA guidance. SBA has previously stated that all PPP loans in excess of $2 million, and other PPP loans as appropriate, will be subject to review by SBA for compliance with program requirements set forth in the PPP Interim Final Rules and in the Borrower Application Form. If SBA determines in the course of its review that a borrower lacked an adequate basis for the required certification concerning the necessity of the loan request, SBA will seek repayment of the outstanding PPP loan balance and will inform the lender that the borrower is not eligible for loan forgiveness. If the borrower repays the loan after receiving notification from SBA, SBA will not pursue administrative enforcement or referrals to other agencies based on its determination with respect to the certification concerning necessity of the loan request. SBA’s determination concerning the certification regarding the necessity of the loan request will not affect SBA’s loan guarantee.

As we have since the onset of this pandemic, FML will be monitoring this situation as it relates to the needs of our clients. Please visit our resource page for more on this important legislation during this time.